- Undisclosed heirs
- Forged deeds, mortgages, wills, releases and other documents
- False impersonation of the true land owner
- Deeds by minors
- Documents executed by a revoked or expired Power of Attorney
- False affidavits of death or heirship
- Probate matters
- Deeds and wills by persons of unsound mind
- Conveyances by undisclosed divorced spouses
- Rights of divorced parties
- Deeds by persons falsely representing their marital status
- Adverse possessions
- Defective acknowledgements due to improper or expired notarization
- Forfeitures of real property due to criminal acts
- Mistakes and omissions resulting in improper abstracting
- Errors in tax record
Title insurance is security for your purchase. Your real estate purchase may be one of the largest investments that you will ever make. Title insurance makes sure that your investment is protected from claims or restrictions that could result in legal entanglements or even the loss of your property.
Title insurance is issued after a careful examination of the public records. But even the most thorough search cannot absolutely assure that no title defects are present, despite the knowledge and experience of professional title examiners. In addition to matters shown by public records, other title problems may exist that cannot be disclosed in a search. Title insurance eliminates any risks and losses caused by defects in title from an event that occurred before you owned the property.
Title insurance is different from other types of insurance in that it is a contract of indemnity which protects you, the insured, from a loss that may occur from matter or defects from the past. Other types of insurance such as auto, life or health cover you against losses that may occur in the future. Title insurance does not protect you against any future defects, but does protect you from previously existing risks or undiscovered interests. You pay a one-time premium for a policy that remains effective until the property is sold to a new owner – even if that doesn’t occur for decades.
A lender’s policy, also known as a loan policy or a mortgagee policy, protects the lender’s lien against loss due to unknown title defects. It also protects the lender’s lien interest from certain matters that may exist, but may not be known at the time of the sale. This policy only protects the lender’s lien interest. It does not protect the buyer. That is why a real estate purchaser needs an owner’s policy.
An owner’s policy is a contract of indemnity which protects you, the buyer, against a loss that may occur from fault in the ownership or interest you have in the property. You should protect the equity in your new home with a title policy.
Protection from financial loss due to demands that may be charged against the title to your home, up to the coverage of the title policy. Payment of Legal costs if the title insurer has to defend your title against a covered claim. Payment of successful claims against the title to your home covered by the policy, up to the coverage of the policy.
Without title insurance, you may not be fully protected against error in public records, hidden defects not disclosed by the public records, or mistakes in examination of the title. As a result, you may be held fully accountable for any prior liens, judgments or claims brought against your new property. If this should occur, your title policy protects your interest and you will be defended at no cost against all covered claims up to the amount of the policy.
The commissioner of the Texas Department of Insurance approves and controls the premiums for title insurance policies. The premiums are paid only once and the cost is based on the purchase price of the property. The policy amount must be equal to the purchase price of the property.